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September 22 1970
(+ means you need both    ~ means same material    °° means stereo or binaural    ° means mono)
(SFS = Short False Start | FS = False Start | LFS or BD (Breakdown) = Long False Start | PB (Playback) or Complete = Complete Take)

RCA Studio B - Nashville, Tennessee
Producer: Felton Jarvis
Engineer: Al Pachucki
(6.00pm - 9.00pm / 10.00pm - 1.00am)

Musicians:   Harmony Vocal:
Eddie Hinton Elvis Presley ('Snowbird')
Guitar: Chip Young  
Drums: Jerry Carrigan  
Piano: David Briggs  
Bass: Norbert Putnam  
Organ / Harmonica: Charlie McCoy  

Warm Up (instrumental jam)
  September 22 1970 (Tue)
Jam   1:53   Elvis Country (FTD)°°

ZPA4 1797
  September 22 1970 (Tue)
Rehearsal 0:51   Elvis Country (FTD)°°
Take 1 Complete 2:33   Elvis Country (FTD)°° (extra dialogue)~Nashville Marathon (FTD)°°
~Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On°°~You Know, It Don't Have To Be Strictly
Country Vol 2°° (listed as undubbed master)+From Elvis In Nashville 4°°
Take 2 Complete 2:08   Elvis Country (FTD)°°~Country (Time Life Collection Volume 4)°°+Today,
Tomorrow & Forever 4°° (count-in)+Unedited Masters - Nashville
Revisited (Venus)°° (different mix)
Take 3        
Take 4 FS 0:13   Elvis Country (FTD)°°
Take 5   0:08 (no take) Elvis Country (FTD)°°
Take 6 (M) 2:06 Undubbed master From Elvis In Nashville 2°°
V.O. (M) 2:08 Harmony vocal overdub by Elvis
Pure Diamonds Volume 2°~Rough Cut Diamonds° (see note)
Overdub (M)   Backup vocal overdubs on Sept. 23
(not used)
Overdub M 2:04 String overdubs on October 28 (?) Comp. Elvis Presley Masters 21 (Sony)°°~Country Legend (Franklin Mint
Complete Masters Collection 18)°°~Elvis Country (FTD)°°~(24 Bit)°°
~Country (2006 - DSD)°°~70s Box 3°°

Where Did They Go, Lord
ZPA4 1798
  September 22 1970 (Tue)
Take 1 Complete
2:18   Elvis Country (FTD)°°~Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On°°
Take 2 FS+FS 0:26   Elvis Country (FTD)°°+From Elvis In Nashville 3°°
Take 3 Complete 2:25   Elvis Country (FTD)°° (count-in)~The Nashville Marathon (FTD)°°
~Unedited Masters - Nashville Revisited (Venus)°° (listed as Take 1)
~Essential Elvis Vol 4°° (listed as Take 1)+From Elvis In Nashville 3°°
Take 4        
Take 5        
Take 6 (M) 2:29 Undubbed master From Elvis In Nashville 2°°
Overdub (M)   Additional backup v.o's on Sept. 23  
Overdub M 2:27 Percussion overdubbed on
October 28 (afternoon) (?)
Complete Elvis Presley Masters 21 (Sony)°°~Loves Lost (Franklin Mint
Complete Masters Collection 12)°°~Elvis Country (FTD)°°~Comp. Single
Collection 7°°~70s Box 1°°~He Walks Beside Me°°+The Mono Masters
CD4 (Venus)°

Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On
ZPA4 1799
  September 22 1970 (Tue)
Take 1 FS 1:42   Elvis Country (FTD)°° (not listed)
Take 2 (M) 4:36 Unedited undubbed master Essential Elvis Volume 4°°~Unedited Masters - Life (Venus)°°~Acetate°°
~You Know, It Don't Have To Be Strictly Country Volume 2°°+From Elvis
In Nashville 2°° (count-in)
Overdub (M) 4:40 Brass (horn) overdubs on Oct. 12
(not used)
Elvis Country (FTD)°° (rough mix)~Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On°°
Edited M 3:02 Horns removed & master edited Complete Elvis Presley Masters 21 (Sony)°°~The King Of Rock 'n' Roll
(Franklin Mint Comp. Masters Collection 36)°°~Elvis Country (FTD)°°
~Elvis Country (24 Bit)°°~70s Box 3°°

Rags To Riches
ZPA4 1800
  September 22 1970 (Tue)
Rehearsal 2:09   Love Letters From Elvis (FTD)°°
Take 1   1:32 (talking only) Love Letters From Elvis (FTD)°° (0:59 - not listed)+From Elvis In
Nashville 3°° (1:09 - not listed)
Take 2 Complete 2:12   Love Letters From Elvis (FTD)°°+From Elvis In Nashville 3°° (count-in)
+The Nashville Marathon (FTD)°° (count-in & extra dialogue)
Take 3 Complete 1:54 (used for composite master)
Unedited Masters - Nashville 1971 (Venus)°°~Essential Elvis Volume 4°°
(edited)+Unedited Masters - Life (Venus)°° (listed as Take 2 - additional
Take 4 Complete 1:57   For The Good Times°+Pure Diamonds Volume 2°~You Know, It Don't
Have To Be Strictly Country Volume 2°+From Elvis In Nashville 2°°
V.O. (M) 1:55 Vocal repair of Take 4
(used for composite master)
Complete Single Collection 7°°~70s Box 1°°~TTWII - Special Edition°°
Overdub Take 3 1:55 Backup vocal overdubs on Sept. 23
(not used)
Love Letters From Elvis (FTD)°°

Rags To Riches (composite)
ZPA4 1800
Spliced (M) 1:57 Composite of Take 4 with vocal repair
& 1 line from Take 3
Overdub (M)   Piano intro overdubbed
Undubbed master
Overdub (M)   Backup vocal overdubs on
September 23
Overdub M 1:57 Percussion overdubbed on
October 28 (afternoon) (?)
Elvis Aron Presley 3°°~Elvis The Collection Volume 4°°~Greatest Hits
(Readers Digest 7 LP Vinyl)°~The Mono Masters CD4 (Venus)°+Complete
Elvis Presley Masters 21 (Sony)°°~The Ultimate Love Songs (Franklin
Mint Complete Masters Collection 25)°°~Elvis 75 CD3°°~Love Letters
From Elvis (FTD)°° (different edit)


The master of 'Rags To Riches' is Take 4 with a vocal repair on "cuss me" (changed to "kiss me"), spliced with the line "tell me you're mine ever more" from Take 3, along with a piano intro overdub. The problem is, the version masquerading as the master on the 70s Box, Japanese singles collection box, and a lot of other releases, is just the repaired Take 4, without the line from Take 3. Curiously it is also missing some backing vocal overdubs and the piano. The stereo mix on the Elvis Aron Presley silver box has the correct splice and piano and all backing vocals are present. The original mono single mix can be found on Hits Of The 70s LP (UK, 1974) or the 1975 Reader's Digest 7LP Greatest Hits box-set, among others.

A different splice ("...that I'm living for, hold me and kiss me, and tell me you're mine ever more" from Take 3) can be found on FTD's Love Letters From Elvis and Hits Of The 70s classic albums, the 30 disc Complete Elvis Presley Masters collection and the Sony/BMG release Elvis 75 as well as the Franklin Mint set. In fact this new splice is used on all new releases now.

Take 3 of 'Rags To Riches' on Essential Elvis Volume 4 is edited (mixed) to take out Elvis' falsetto voice at the end of the take - This also appears on the Venus release Unedited Masters - Nashville 1971 as a bonus track where it's listed as being the undubbed master! Take 3 is complete on FTD's Love Letters From Elvis classic album, but strangely it also contains backup vocal overdubs on this release too. It seems Take 3 must have been considered to be the master originally, and was overdubbed, before it was decided to use Take 4 spliced with the line "tell me you're mine ever more..." from Take 3 as the master.

'Snowbird' on the bootlegs Pure Diamonds Volume 2 and Rough Cut Diamonds are both probably just the left channel only (centred) of a stereo acetate of the fully overdubbed master. By eliminating the right channel on the same tracks on Elvis Country and the 70's Box I was able to get the exact same results. This is possible because backing vocals (and occasionally strings) tend to be panned 100% right on the original mixes from these sessions, so you can often eliminate them by cutting out the right channel, with no discernable bleed.

Backup vocals were removed from 'Snowbird' (September 23) before release.

Sessions III wrongly lists the undubbed master (Take 6) of 'Snowbird' as being released on Country (Time Life Elvis Presley Collection Volume 4). It was actually Take 2 on that release, the same take that appeared on the Today, Tomorrow And Forever box-set, and later on FTD's Elvis Country classic album.

Sessions III lists the date as being October 28 when brass and strings were overdubbed to 'Snowbird' but there is no indication in the session log of 'Snowbird' being overdubbed on this date. There is however, a log listing musicians for the unused horn overdubs for 'Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On', that also shows 'Snowbird' as having strings overdubbed by this date too. At the bottom right hand corner of the session log there is a hand written date "10/12" indicating a date of October 12 1970 for this overdub session.

Overdubbed horns were removed from 'Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On', at Elvis' insistence, before release.

In March of 2007, Sony decided to go through all of Elvis' masters. They retransferred everything and remastered all tracks including repairing as many clicks, pops, bad edits and dropouts as they could. They have used these newly mastered recordings on their new releases since 2007 including budget soundtracks, Legacy releases, the 30 disc Complete Elvis Presley Masters collection and the Franklin Mint package.

All outtakes and undubbed masters used on the Sony 4xCD set From Elvis In Nashville have been completely remixed and remastered from scratch.

Sample of Take 4 of 'Rags To Riches' with Elvis' original vocals in the left channel and his repaired vocals in the right channel.

Thanks to Erik Rasmussen.

Session Logs
Recording Information
16-Track Tape Log
16-Track Tape Log
Recording Information
September 22 (including overdubs)
September 22 1970 (Including Overdubs)

Music Sheets
Music Sheet
Music Sheet
Where Did They Go, Lord
Where Did They Go, Lord
Music Sheet
Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On
Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On (Thanks to Christopher Brown)

Music Sheet
Rags To Riches
Rags To Riches (Thanks to Christopher Brown)